1 مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خراسان رضوی
2 موسسه تحقیقات جنگلها و مراتع کشور
عنوان مقاله [English]
Rangeland ecosystems in arid and semiarid regions strongly were influenced by climatic factors and their kind of exploitation of management. These changes usually occur in combination and structure of vegetation over time. Because understanding the dynamics of pasture can choose the appropriate management practices and proper help, The changes of vegetation in desert ecosystem of Jajarm area, based on new method relies Factors of climate and soil moisture monitoring over a period of 4 years (2009-2012) were studied. In this study, with the establishment of three permanent transets and plotting to systematic-randomic method for ten plot per transect, vegetation and soil moisture monitoring and measurement operations at the 120 plots in the review period was followed. The results showed that the study area, plant species with high regeneration ability such as Artemisia sieberi and Salsola orientalis with ephemerals (annual species) of vegetation determine the trend of change and the changes of soil organic carbon is slow and gradual, the soil moisture reciprocally proportional to rainfall changes, has shown that the variability factor. Given the relative stability stone and gravel soil cover and litter, total vegatation cover is subject to change. So, necessary for the scientific management of rangelands in arid and desert regions is continuous monitoring of vegetationin accordance with the soil moisture changes, the amount and distribution of rainfall, physiological characteristics of the dominant species and management by focusing on the mesurement of variables that govern the operation of plant and soil.