Volume 5, Number 12 (12-2016)                   DEEJ 2016, 5(12): 23-36 | Back to browse issues page


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Abstract:  

This study aimed to estimate of spatial distribution scope of plant species and preparation of predictive distribution maps of plant species using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) in Taftan west rangelands of Khash city. To this end, vegetation sampling was carried out by random-systematic method after identification and separation of plant species habitats. In order to sample the soil at each habitat, eight holes was drilled and samples were taken from 0-30 and 30-60 cm depths. Habitats distribution of plant species was modeled using multilayer perceptron after measurement of soil characteristic in the lab and providing of environmental variable maps including  physiographic characteristic (slope, aspect and elevation), geological formation and  soil physical and chemical properties using GIS and Geostatistics. Simulation of presence and absence probability was conducted after selection of optimal predictive model for each plant species. Then the optimal threshold was determined using equal sensitivity and specificity method and were examined the compliance between predicted and actual maps by calculating kappa index. Based on Kappa value, the agreement of predicted and actual map was very good for the habitats of Haloxylon persicum .Moreover, predictive maps of Artemisia aucheri, Artemisia sieberi and Amygdalus scoparia habitats have good agreement with actual maps of these species. As well as, correspondence of predictive and actual map of Zygophyllum eurypterum was assessed at moderate level. These results indicate that multilayer perceptron method (MLP) is capable to provide precise prediction models through data mining rules and modeling of nonlinear processes. Besides cost  and  time  saving of  research, this can lead to precise  prediction of  geographic  scope of  plant  habitat  distribution, as  a  result will increase  success possibility of rehabilitation  plans  in  the  rangelands.

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Range Management
Received: 2016/07/15 | Accepted: 2016/12/8 | Published: 2016/12/8

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