Volume 5, Number 13 (3-2017)                   DEEJ 2017, 5(13): 57-66 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Abstract:  

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of Atriplex canescens on soil properties and organisms' activities under grazing and exclosure conditions at Shahriar rangelands. In each site, four transects were selected by random-systematic method and 10 quadrates of nine m2 were established along transects with 30-m intervals. In each quadrate, the amount of seed per plant, litter and the number of nests under shrubs were recorded. A number of five quadrates were also established randomly along each transect, and soil profiles were dug. Soil samples were taken at two depths to measure soil properties. Data analysis was performed by independent T-test and mean comparisons were done by Duncan's multiple range test. According to the obtained results, under exclosure condition, although the study species could increase the nitrogen and potassium of surface soil, increased sodium and EC negatively affected the soil. In addition, significant differences were found for the amount of seed and litter (p<0.01), and number of nests under shrubs (p<0.05). Our results clearly showed that exclosure could be effective in providing favorable vegetation conditions and increased activity of organisms. Due to the increased number of rodents and soil surface salinization, the negative impact of Atriplex planting was proved; therefore, the use of this plant should be limited to the areas in which the restoration of native plants is impossible or at least possible.

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Range Management
Received: 2016/01/24 | Accepted: 2016/10/9 | Published: 2017/02/26

References
1. Ahmadi Roknabadi, M., 1998. Studying the factors affecting the drying of Atriplex in the Chah Afzal Desert, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tarbiat Modares University.
2. Ansari, V., 2000. Autecology of Atriplex verucifera, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology
3. Ariapour, A., 2011. The Effect of Atriplex canescens planting on Fauna of Zarand Zavieh Region (Case Study: Rat and Termite), 2011 International Conference on Asia Agriculture and Animal, IPCBEE vol.13 (2011) © (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore.
4. Banerjee, S.K., S.Nath & P. Banerjee, 1986. Characteristics of the soils under vegetation in the Tarai region of Kurseong forest division, West Bangal. J. Indian Soc. Soil, 34,343-349.
5. Bihamta, M.R., & M.A., Zareh Chahoki, 2015. Principles of Statistics for natural resources science, University of Tehran press, 322p.
6. Chalak Haghighi, S.M., 2000. Effects of Atriplex lentiformis cultivation on soil and vegetation characteristics in Fars Province, M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran.
7. Dormar, J.F., Aolams, B.W and Dovwes. H.E., 2002. Response of the Mixed Prairie to Protection from Grazing. J. Rang Management. 55, 163-165
8. Eftekhari, A., 2011. Investigation on effects of management type on Range condition (case study: Zarandieh and Saveh rangelands), Ph.D. thesis in Range management, Faculty of Natural Resource, Islamic Azad University,Tehran, Science and Research branch. 356pp.
9. Heshmati, GH., Naseri, KL., Ghanbarian, GH., 2006. A critique on Atriplex canscence Planting in rangeland of Iran from ecological view. Journal of Agriculture Science and Natural Resource of Gorgan. 13(6) 186-196.
10. Hente, A., 2003. Effects of Atriplex canecens cultivation on soil and vegetation characteristics in the Zarand Rangelands, Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran.
11. Hente, A., Ghafari, N., Zargham Chahoki, MH, 2005. Effects of Atriplex canescens on some soil characteristics Case study: Zarand, Saveh. Pajuhesh and sazandegi in Natural resources. 68, 15-21.
12. Jafari M., Chalakhaghighi M., Habibian, M., Azarnivand H., 2003. Study of Atriplex lentiformis plantation effects on vegetation characteristics in two planted area in Fars province. Journal of Natural Resource of Iran.55, 301-307.
13. Kotzen, B., 2003. An investigation of shade under six different tree species of the Negev desert towards their potential use for enhancing micro-climatic condition in landscape architectural development. Journal of Aired Environment, in press
14. Mohammadi, R., Heshmati, GH., Naseri, K., Mirshahi, M.H., 2010. Atriplex canescense Planting Effects on Species Diversity, Richness and Soil Characteristics (Case Study: Abbas Abad Area, Mashhad), Journal of Range and Watershed Management, 63(4):515-527.
15. Moghimi, J., 2005. Introduction of some range species suitable for range improvement and development, Aroon Publication, 669pp.
16. Naseri, K., 1999. Study the some ecological effects of Atriplex canescens on planting area (Case study: Khorasan province). Ms. Thesis in Range Management, Faculty of natural Resources, University of Tehran. 135p.
17. Nemati, N., 1977. Shrub transplantation for Range improvement in Iran. Journal of Range Management. 30(2), 148-151.
18. Ostyina R.M, C.M. McKell, J.M. Malechech& G.A.Van Epps., 1984. Potential of Atriplex and other chenopod shrubs For increasing range productivity and fall and winter grazing in: Tiedemann, Arthur R., McArthur, E. Durant, Stutz. Howard c :{ and others} Compilers. Proceedings – symposium on the biology of Atriplex and related chenopods 1983 May 2-6 provo.UT.Gen Tech Rep INT-172 Ogden.
19. Rumbugh, M.D., D.A. Tohnson & G.A. Van Epps, 1982. Yield and quality Great Basin shrub grass and legume pasture experiment. Journal of Range Management. 3, 604-609.
20. Sharma, M.L., Tongway, D.J., 1973. Plant induced soil salinity patterns in two salt bushes (At Spp). Communities. Journal of Range Management. 26,121-125.
21. Vahab Zade, A., 1997. Diversity of life (translated to Persian). Publication of natural sceneries and wildlife of Iran (Darabad). 420pp.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Desert Ecosystems Engineering Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb